CLOSED: How Pain-Related Beliefs Affect Our Expectations This study is now closed. ONLINE STUDY: How Pain-Related Beliefs Affect Our Expectations The University of Liverpool is looking for participants who: Have chronic pain OR are pain-free Are over 18 Understand English ...to take part in an online study. The study will take around 30-50 minutes to complete. Upon completion of the study, participants will receive a £5 Amazon voucher! What is the study about?The study is designed to improve our understanding of how beliefs and learning affect expectationsabout pain. By participating in the study you could help contribute towards better treatment for those experiencing chronic pain symptoms. If you are interested in receiving more details about this study, contact [email protected] for more information.